A Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry.pdf



Taken from CHAPTER I, CONSTITUTION OF MATTER: The science of chemistry may be described as the study of a certain class of changes which matter is capable of undergoing.

Matter is susceptible of a variety of changes, some of which are regarded as physical and others as chemical Thus, when a steel knitting-needle is rubbed upon a magnet, the need undergoes a change, by virtue of which it becomes endowed with the power of attracting to itself iron filings or nails ; and when an ordinary lucifer match is rubbed upon a match-box the match undergoes a change, resulting in the production of flame. In the first case the change is said to be 2k physical one, while the ignition and combustion of the match is a chemical change.

When a fragment of ice is gently warmed, it is changed from a hard, brittle solid to a mobile, transparent liquid ; and when white of is gently heated, it changes from a transparent, colourless liquid to an opaque white solid. These changes, which appear at first sight to be. of a similar order, are in reality essentially different in their nature : the transformation of solid ice into liquid water is a physical change, the coagulation of albumen is a chemical change.

Again, when certain substances (such as the materials which constitute the so-called luminous paint) are exposed to a bright light, they undergo a change whereby they become invested with.

This book was written by: G.S. Newth, F.I.C., F.C.S., demonstrator in the Royal College of Science, London, Assistant-Examiner in Chemistry, Board of Education, South Kensington. Book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.

Contents:

  • PART I INTRODUCTORY OUTLINES
    • I. Chemical Change – The Constitution of Matter- Molecules – Atoms
    • II. Elements and Compounds – Mixtures – Chemical Affinity – Modes of Chemical Action
    • III. Chemical Nomenclature
    • IV. Chemical Symbols
    • V. The Atomic Theory – Laws of Chemical Action
    • VI. Atomic Weights – Modes of Determining Atomic Weights
    • VII. Quantitative Chemical Notation
    • VIII. Valency of the Elements
    • IX. General Properties of Gases – Relation to Heat and Pressure – Liquefaction – Diffusion – The Kinetic Theory
    • X. Dissociation- Reversible or Balanced Actions
    • XI. Electrolysis – Electrolytic Dissociation – The Ionic Theory
    • XII. Classification of the Elements – The Periodic System
    • XIII. General Properties of Liquids – Evaporation, Boiling, Vapour Pressure of Solutions – The Passage of Liquids into Solids Freezing Point of Solutions – Raoult’s Method
    • XIV. Solution – Gases in Liquids – Liquids in Liquids – Solids in Liquids – Osmotic Pressure – Crystalline Forms
    • XV. Thermo-chemistry
  • PART II THE STUDY OF FOUR TYPICAL ELEMENTS – Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, and their more important compounds
    • I. Hydrogien-Hydrogenium
    • II. Oxygen – Allotropy – Ozone
    • III. Compounds of Hydrogen with Oxygen , fatihfirdausdotcom
    • IV. Nitrogen
    • V. Oxides and Oxy-acids of Nitrogen
    • VI. The Atmosphere and the Argon Group of Elements
    • VII. Compounds of Nitrogen and Hydrogen – Hydroxylamine – Ammon-sulphonates ; Halogen Compounds of Nitrogen
    • VIII. Carbon
    • IX. Carbon Monoxide – Carbon Dioxide – Carbonates
    • X. Compounds of Carbon with Hydrogen – Methane – Ethylene- Acetylene
    • XI. Combustion – Heat of Combustion – Ignition Point – Flame – Structure of Flame – Cause of Luminosity of Flames – The Bunsen Flame
  • PART III THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE ELEMENTS, BASED UPON THE PERIODIC CLASSIFICATION
    • I. Elements of Group VII. (Family B.): Fluorine: Hydrofluoric Acid, Chlorine: Hydrochloric Acid – Oxides and Oxyacids of Chlorine. Bromine: Hydrobromic Acid – Oxyacids of Bromine. Iodine: Hydriodic Acid – Oxyacids of Iodine – Periodates onlinefreeebooks-net
    • II. Elements of Group VI. (Family B.): Sulphur: Compounds of Sulphur with Hydrogen – Compounds with Chlorine – Oxides and Oxyacids of Sulphur – Oxychlorides – Carbon Bisulphide. Selenium – Tellurium
    • III. Elements of Group V. (Family B.): Phosphorus: Compounds with Hydrogen – Compounds with the Halogens – Oxides and Oxyacids. Arsenic : Arsenuretted Hydrogen – Halogen Compounds – Oxides and Oxyacids – Sulphides. Homy dot asia Antimony: Antimony Hydride – Halogen Compounds – Oxides and Acids – Sulphides. Bismuth : Bismuth and Halogens – OxideS – Sulphides
    • IV. Elements of Group I. (Family A): Potassium – Sodium – Lithium – Rubidium – Ammonium Salts
    • V. Elements of Group I. (Family B.): Copper-Silver-Gold
    • VI. Elements of Group II. (Family A.): Beryllium – Magnesium – Calcium – Strontium – Barium
    • VII. Elements of Group II. (Family B.): Zinc – Cadmium – Mercury
    • VIII. Elements of Group III: Family A. : Scandium – Yttrium – Lanthanum – Ytierbium
      Family B. : Boron – Aluminium – Gallium – Indium – Thallium
    • IX. Elements of Group IV: Family A. : Titanium – Zirconium – Cerium – Thorium
      Family B. : Silicon – Germanium – Tin – Lead
    • X. Elements of Group V. (Family A.): Vanadium – Niobium – Tantalum
    • XL Elements of Group VI. (Family A.): Chromium – Molybdenum – Tungsten – Uranium
    • XII. Elements of Group VII. (Family A.): Manganese
    • XIII. Transitional Elements of the First Long Period: Iron – Cobalt – Nickel
    • XIV. Transitional Elements of the Second and Fourth Long Period: Ruthenium – Rhodium – Palladium – Osmium – Iridium – Platinum – Argon – Helium
  • Appendix: Radium, and Radioactive Elements
  • Index

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