Water Resources Engineering.pdf

The last training material from IIT Kharagpur, a course material about Water Resources engineering. This course material is addressed to a civil engineering student I suppose, but also so much applies to other disciplines, such as mechanical engineering and geological engineering.


  • Module 1 Principles of Water Resources Engineering
    • Lesson 1 Surface and Ground Water Resources, objectives [ Hydrologic cycle and its components ~ Distribution of earth's water resources ~ Distribution of fresh water on earth ~ Rainfall distribution in India ~ Major river basins of India ~ Land and water resources of India; water development potential ~ Need for development of water resources ]
    • Lesson 2 Concepts for Planning Water Resources Development, objectives [ Principle of planning for water resource projects ~ Planning for prioritizing water resource projects ~ Concept of basin - wise project development ~ Demand of water within a basin ~ Structural construction for water projects ~ Concept of inter - basin water transfer project ~ Tasks for planning a water resources project ]
    • Lesson 3 National Policy For Water Resources Development, objectives [ Appreciate the policy envisaged by the nation to develop water resources within the country ~ Conventional and non-conventional methods in planning water resources projects ~ Priorities in terms of allocation of water for various purposes ~ Planning strategies and alternatives that should be considered while developing a particular project ~ Management strategies for excess and deficit water imbalances ~ Guidelines for projects to supply water for drinking and irrigation ~ Participatory approach to water management ~ Importance of monitoring and maintaining water quality of surface and ground water sources. ~ Research and development which areas of water resources engineering need active ~ Agencies responsible for implementing water resources projects in our country ~ Constitutional provision guiding water resource development in the county ~ Agencies responsible for monitoring the water wealth of the country and plan scientific development based on the National Policy on water ]
    • Lesson 4 Planning and Assessment of Data for Project Formulation, objectives [ The range of water resources project and the general planning philosophy ~ Planning arrangements for drinking water supply project and related data requirement ~ Planning arrangements for irrigation water supply project and related data requirement ~ Planning arrangements for hydropower generation project and related data requirement ~ Planning arrangements for flood control project and related data requirement ~ Investigations for data assessment for constructing water resource engineering structures ~ Water availability computations ~ Data collection for environment, socio-economic and demographic informations ~ Data collection methods for topography, geology, rainfall and stream flow. ]
  • Module 2 The Science of Surface and Ground Water
    • Lesson 1 Precipitation And Evapotranspiration, objectives [ The role of precipitation and evapotranspiration with the hydrologic cycle. ~ The factors that cause precipitation. ~ The means of measuring rainfall. ~ The way rain varies in time and space. ~ The methods to calculate average rainfall over an area. ~ What are Depth - Area - Duration curves. ~ What are the Intensity - Duration - Frequency curves. ~ The causes of anomalous rainfall record and its connective measures. ~ What are Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) and Standard Project Storm (SPS). ~ What are Actual and Potential evapotranspiration. ~ How can direct measurement of evapotranspiration be made. ~ How can evapotranspiration be estimated based on climatological data. ]
    • Lesson 2 Runoff and Infiltration, objectives [ The importance of runoff and infiltration in the hydrologic cycle. ~ What is the difference between overland flow, interflow and base flow components contributing to stream flow generation. ~ What are hydrograph and hyetographs. ~ Methods to separate infiltration from rainfall hyetographs effective rainfall. ~ Methods to separate base flow from stream hydrograph to find out the Direct Runoff Hydrograph. ]
    • Lesson 3 Rainfall Runoff Relationships, objectives [ How hydrograph varies with the catchment characteristics ~ How hydrograph varies with the rainfall characteristics ~ What is Unit Hydrograph, its assumptions and limitations ~ Application of the Unit Hydrograph to find the Direct Runoff Hydrograph ~ What is S - Curve and its applications ~ Derivation of the Unit Hydrograph for gauged catchments ~ How to estimate Unit Hydrograph for ungauged catchments ~ Conceptual and Physically based catchment rainfall - runoff models ]
    • Lesson 4 Design Flood Estimation, objectives [ How is a design flood described for a particular hydraulic structure? ~ How are design floods designated for: a) Storage Dams; b) Barrages and weirs; c) Diversion works and Coffer dams; and d) Cross drainage works, according to the Indian Standard guidelines. ~ What are the methods to calculate design floods, viz, a) The hydro-meteorological approach, and b) The statistical approach ~ The steps followed in finding out design flood by the hydro-meteorological approach, which is generally adopted for large and intermediate sized dams. ~ The steps followed in finding out design flood by the statistical approach, either by probability distributions or by the method of plotting positions. ]
    • Lesson 5 Subsurface Movement of Water, objectives [ The ways by which water moves below ground. ~ How water is stored underground in soil and fractured bedrock. ~ What is water table and its relation to saturated and unsaturated ground water. ~ Pressure measurement in unsaturated and saturated soil water. ~ The theory behind movement of water in the unsaturated zone. ~ The theory behind movement of water in the saturated zone, also called as ground water. ~ What are equipotential and flow lines. ~ What are aquifers and confining layers. ~ Qualitatively, the ground water flow movement in confined and unconfined layers. ~ The definitions of water storage, and the portion of that which can be withdra3wn from an aquifer. ]
    • Lesson 6 Principles of Ground Water Flow, objectives [ The description of steady state of ground water flow in the form of Laplace equation derived from continuity equation and Darcy's law for ground water movement. ~ The quantitative description of unsteady state ground water flow. ~ The definition of the terms Specific Yield and Specific Storage and their relationship with Storativity of a confined aquifer. ~ The expressions for ground water flow in unconfined and confined aquifers, written in terms of Transmissivity. ~ Expression for two - dimensional flow in unconfined and confined aquifers; Boussinesq equation. ~ Expression for two - dimensional seepage flow below dams. ~ Analytical solution of steady one dimensional flow in simple cases of confined and unconfined aquifers. ]
    • Lesson 7 Well Hydraulics, objectives [ The concepts of steady and unsteady ground water flow to wells ~ Mathematical equations for water flow to wells in confined aquifers ~ Mathematical equations for water flow to wells in unconfined aquifers ~ Determination of the physical properties of confined aquifers ~ Design and installation of tube wells ]
    • Lesson 8 Flow Dynamics in Open Channels and Rivers, objectives [ The physical dynamics of water movement in open channels and rivers ~ The mathematical description of flow processes in the above cases ~ Different types of free surface flows: uniform, non uniform, etc. ~ Different channel shapes and cross sections and their representations ~ Computation steps for gradually varied water surface profiles ]
    • Lesson 9 Geomorphology of Rivers, objectives [ The components of a fluvial system ~ Mechanics of sediment erosion, transportation and deposition by rivers ~ Causes of riverbed aggradation and degradation ~ Bar formation in rivers ~ Causes of meandering, lateral migration and river width adjustment of rivers ~ Relationships between velocity, perimeter, slope, velocity, etc. of alluvial rivers ]
    • Lesson 10 Sediment Dynamics in Alluvial Rivers and Channels, objectives [ The mechanics of sediment movement in alluvial rivers ~ Different types of bed forms in alluvial rivers ~ Quantitative assessment of sediment transport ~ Resistance equations for flow ~ Bed level changes in alluvial channels due to natural and artificial causes ~ Mathematical modelling of sediment transport ]
  • Module 3 Irrigation Engineering Principles
    • Lesson 1 India’s Irrigation Needs and Strategies for Development, objectives [ How can the development in irrigation be sustainable ~ What are the basic requirements of irrigation and how can they be managed ~ What are irrigation schemes and how are they classified ~ What has the nation planned about irrigation ~ What are Command Area development and participatory Irrigation Management ~ How can water be managed for irrigation ~ What should be the rationale for pricing irrigation water ~ How has irrigation progressed through ages in India ]
    • Lesson 2 Soil Water Plant Relationships, objectives [ The soil and water system that is needed for plant growth ~ Classification of soils with regards to agriculture ~ Classification of water held within soil pores ~ Soil - water constants and their significance ~ Watering interval for crops ~ Importance of water for plant growth ]
    • Lesson 3 Estimating Irrigation Demand, objectives [ How much water is required for the proper growth of important crops ~ How to estimate the water demand of crops ~ What are the different seasons of crop growth ~ What are the usual cropping patterns ~ On what variables does the crop water requirement vary? ]
    • Lesson 4 Types of Irrigation Schemes and Methods of Field Water Application, objectives [ The classification of irrigation projects in India ~ Direct and Storage methods of irrigation ~ Structures necessary for implementing irrigation projects ~ The methods employed for application of water to irrigate fields ~ Surface and subsurface methods of irrigation ~ Drip and Sprinkler irrigation systems ]
    • Lesson 5 Traditional Water Systems and Minor Irrigation Schemes, objectives [ The indigenous systems of water utilisation in India ~ Region-specific traditional water storage systems in India ]
    • Lesson 6 Canal Systems for Major and Medium Irrigation Schemes, objectives [ The canal system of irrigation under major and minor irrigation schemes ~ Components of a canal irrigation system ~ Layout of a canal irrigation system ~ Lining methods in canal irrigation ~ Negative impact of canal irrigation ]
    • Lesson 7 Design of Irrigation Canals, objectives [ The basics of irrigation canals design ~ The procedures followed to design unlined and lined canals ~ Methods for subsurface drainage of lined canals ]
    • Lesson 8 Conveyance Structures for Canal Flows, objectives [ The need for structures of a canal irrigation system for conveying water from one point to another. ~ Structures for conveying water across, over or under natural streams ~ Transitions in canals at change of cross section ]
    • Lesson 9 Regulating Structures for Canal Flows, objectives [ The necessity of providing regulating structures in canals. ~ The basics of canal drops and falls. ~ The importance of canal regulators. ~ The need for Groyne Walls, Curved Wings and Skimming Platforms. ~ The functions of escapes in a canal. ]
    • Lesson 10 Distribution and Measurement Structures for Canal Flows, objectives [ What are flow distributing and measurement structures in a canal system ~ What is the function of outlets and what are their classifications ~ What are Modules ~ How are notches and weirs used to measure flow in a canal ~ How are flumes used to measure flow in a canal ]
  • Module 4 Hydraulic Structures for Flow Diversion and Storage
    • Lesson 1 Structures for Flow Diversion – Investigation Planning and Layout, objectives [ The hydraulic structures built to divert water from a river, like a barrage or a weir ~ The different steps to be followed for planning, layout, design and construction of barrages ~ The various aspects of investigation necessary for planning a diversion structure ~ How to choose the location and alignment of a proposed diversion structure ~ How to determine the characteristic dimensions of the different parts of a barrage ~ What are the appurtenant structures that have to be provided with a barrage ]
    • Lesson 2 Design of the Main Diversion Structure of a Barrage, objectives [ The sub-surface consideration for the design of a barrage ~ Steps for computing seepage pressure and exit gradient for barrage ~ Procedure to determine the waterway of a barrage ~ Computation step for determining barrage cistern level ~ The different protection works for barrages ]
    • Lesson 3 Design of Barrage Appurtenant Structures and Rules for Barrage Operation, objectives [ The design steps for a canal head regulator ~ The need for sediment exclusion devices ~ Operation and regulation rules for barrages ]
    • Lesson 4 Structures for Water Storage – Investigation, Planning and Layout, objectives [ The different types of storage structures, that is, dams ~ The decisive factors for choosing suitable location for a dam ~ The criteria for selecting a particular dam type ~ The important appurtenant structures for a dam ~ Typical layouts of dams ]
    • Lesson 5 Planning Of Water Storage Reservoirs, objectives [ The usual classification of the zones of a reservoir ~ The primary types of reservoirs and their functions ~ The steps for planning reservoirs ~ Effect of sedimentation in reservoirs ~ What are the geological explorations required to be carried out for reservoirs ~ How to determine the capacities of reservoirs ~ How to determine the dead, live and flood storages of reservoirs ~ How to reduce the loss of water from reservoirs ~ How to control sedimentation of reservoirs ~ The principles to be followed for reservoir operations ]
    • Lesson 6 Design and Construction of Concrete Gravity Dams, objectives [ The different components of concrete gravity dams and their layouts ~ Design steps for of concrete gravity dam sections ~ The expected loadings for gravity dams ~ Stability analysis of gravity dam sections ~ Construction processes for gravity dams ~ Foundation preparation for gravity dams ~ Temperature control for mass concrete dams ~ Instrumentations in concrete dams ]
    • Lesson 7 Design and Construction of Concrete Gravity Dams, objectives [ The different types of embankment dams ~ Causes of failure of embankment dams ~ Design procedure for earthen embankment dams ~ Seepage control measures for embankment dams and their foundations ~ Computation of seepage through embankment dams ~ Stability calculations for embankment dams ~ Construction process for embankment dams ~ Instrumentation in embankment dams ]
    • Lesson 8 Spillways and Energy Dissipators, objectives [ The functions of a spillways and energy dissipators in projects involving diversion and storage projects ~ Different types of spillways ~ How to determine the shape of an ogee-crested spillway and compute its discharge ~ The spillway profile in the presence of a breast wall ~ Criteria for selecting a particular type of spillway ~ Different types of energy dissipators ~ Design procedure for hydraulic jump and bucket-type energy dissipators ~ Protection measures against science downstream of energy dissipators ]
    • Lesson 9 Reservoir Outlet Works, objectives [ Functions of outlet works ~ Classification of outlet works ~ Determination of design discharge and elevation of outlet works ~ Choice of outlet works and their layout ~ Components of outlet works ~ Hydraulic design of outlet works ]
    • Lesson 10 Gates and Valves for Flow Control, objectives [ The different types of gates and valves used in water resources engineering ~ Difference between crest gates and deep seated gates ~ Classification of gates ~ Design criteria for important gates ~ Common hoists for gate lifting ~ Different types of valves for flow control ]
  • Module 5 Hydropower Engineering
    • Lesson 1 Principles of Hydropower Engineering, objectives [ Potential of hydropower that may be generated from a stream ~ Hydropower potential in India and the world ~ Types of hydropower generation plants ~ layouts of hydropower plants ]
    • Lesson 2 Hydropower Water Conveyance System, objectives [ This chapter discusses the important issues related to the different components of a hydropower Water Conveyance System. ~ Penstocks ]
    • Lesson 3 Hydropower Eqiupment And Generation Stations, objectives [ Equipment employed for converting water energy to electrical energy ~ Different types of turbines ~ Guidelines for selecting a specific turbine ~ layout of power houses ]
  • Module 6 Management of Water Resources
    • Lesson 1 River Training And Riverbank Protection Works, objectives [ The need for river training ~ Guide bunds for restricting the flow path of river waterway ~ Afflux bunds, approach embankments, groynes ,spurs, etc. for river waterway control ~ The issue of riverbank failure and lateral migration of rivers ~ Different modes of bank failure ~ Techniques for bank stabilization ]
    • Lesson 2 Drought And Flood Management, objectives [ The consequences of abnormal rainfall - drought and floods ~ Drought and flood affected regions of India ~ Definition of drought ~ Tackling drought through water management ~ Flood management measures ]
    • Lesson 3 Remote Sensing And GIS For Water Resource Management, objectives [ The techniques of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) ~ Different types of remotely sensed images ~ Application of Remote Sensing in water resources engineering ~ Application of GIS in water resources engineering ]




32 Responses to “Water Resources Engineering.pdf”

  1. Suman on August 25th, 2008 8:06 am

    Module 5 and Module 6 are not accessible. Please check the link. A very good resource book.

  2. K.M.W. Bandara on August 25th, 2008 3:56 pm

    I appreciate if the book is downloaded free.

    Thank You

  3. admin on August 26th, 2008 1:44 am

    Links were fixed and checked, all links are working fine now!
    Thanks for the feedback

  4. hung on August 26th, 2008 10:49 pm

    i want to down this book.how to do?.please

  5. ks bisht on September 3rd, 2008 1:21 pm

    can u add some more books on this site about hydro power detailed structure

  6. kishore das on September 8th, 2008 7:23 pm

    yaa thank u….thank u for your creation….theses type of pdf notes is desired in this time …so thank u to providing…us…..

  7. kourosh qaderi on September 15th, 2008 4:23 pm

    many thanks for this pdf type of grate book

  8. M.Karthikeyan on September 17th, 2008 9:59 pm

    thanks a lot for this kind of great work…..
    i am really benefitted by this…

  9. sadiq aliwi-Iraq on September 18th, 2008 3:24 am

    thank u very much for this luctures hope getting more from you thanks again

  10. Zhu Jagadeesh Kumar on September 23rd, 2008 6:20 pm

    thank u very much for the notes. Can u add some more notes about environmental engineering

  11. Priya on September 24th, 2008 5:25 pm

    Its a wondereful book, immensely helpful, kind of manual for professionals starting their career. Thanks

  12. NVRK Prasad on September 26th, 2008 7:16 am

    The ebook of IIT is very useful both for students and professionals as the material is well documented and explanation is good.

  13. Ramanujam Rathinam Pillai on October 3rd, 2008 11:12 pm

    Really a very good book for the engineers entering into the Hydro Power generations

  14. Abdulrazak on October 12th, 2008 7:44 pm

    thanks for the good work you are doing

  15. Rajeev Singh on October 22nd, 2008 3:57 pm

    the books are greatly helpfull

  16. channappa T M on November 9th, 2008 7:07 pm

    Dear sir,
    kindly send me notes through mail sir.
    with regards channappa tm

  17. kaushik chowdhury on November 11th, 2008 11:15 pm

    please give me some idea about design calculation of spillway stoplog gate , radial gate, surgeshaft gate, draft tube gate, diversion tunnel gate,slit flassing gate. please

  18. CHIKE OKEKE on November 16th, 2008 6:32 pm

    it is a great backup for my library. Thanks for make this possible.

  19. vijy on November 17th, 2008 1:19 am

    very good book for students.
    can u mail me apdf book or link for the REINFORCED CONCRETE AND PRESTERSSED CONCRETE

  20. Evans on December 1st, 2008 8:04 pm

    This is very good material for both students as well Graduates practicing engineering.

    Can someone who has managed to fully download this useful material send email it to me. Am unable to download it.

    my email adress is: temboev@yahoo.com

  21. Sunny on December 1st, 2008 9:02 pm

    Excellent contents for field Hydro Electric Scheme Investigation Engineers

  22. Somayeh najafi on December 2nd, 2008 1:11 pm

    give information for runoff

  23. sanjay on December 24th, 2008 6:57 pm

    the subjects available are very few so is there any link which provides access to all civil engineering related books…. and the study material for structural mechanics is excellent but it could have been better if there was some numerical problems…

  24. Mengistu Mekuria on January 14th, 2009 6:57 pm

    I am young hydraulic engineer from Ethiopia.I am currently working on tekeze hydropower project as dam concrete engineer.I am downloading Your free ebook material on development of hydropower and is very important as reference.please could you or else anybody send me through my email the handbook of arch construcction and related material.
    Your coopration is important for us please keep it up
    Thanks in advance.

  25. jakariapervez on February 6th, 2009 11:12 pm

    I want a book that can teach me about basic principles of river training work

  26. sasikumar on February 16th, 2009 3:15 pm

    This is a good book prepared well with images. It gives good idea about dam structures and flow through the channel.

  27. saurav rukhaiyar on March 22nd, 2009 11:13 pm

    realy a good material for civil engineering student
    please add more books on this cotegory

  28. amitava mukherjee on March 28th, 2009 3:15 pm

    Its a wondereful book, really helpful.thanks.

  29. Akeel on April 22nd, 2009 11:51 pm

    i need this book deadly
    ” Two-phase flow in piplines and heat exchangers” Autherd by D. Chisholm.
    please help me now..

  30. chaklader ashfaque arefe on June 10th, 2009 5:57 pm

    really effective materials . thanks.

  31. Naveen Agrawal on October 31st, 2009 5:45 pm

    Thank u friend,

    I am new to hydro and there is nobody I am finding to teach me basic of Hydro Engineeering in the field. Your documet is a blessing for me and I m very very thankful to you..I need some information about methodology and machimery required for HRT excavation and underground power excavation. If you can help i will be highly obliged

    Naveen Agrawal

  32. juhar on February 10th, 2010 3:29 pm

    it is a fantastic book .it helps both the practicing engineers and students of engineering.it is more better if you add more book on this site relating the various aspects of water resource engineering.

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