Watermelon Cultivation and Post Harvest Handling.pdf
Taken from INTRODUCTION: Watermelon (Citrullus lantatus) belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae which includes squash, pumpkin and cucumber. It is a popular dessert vegetable, with year round availability.
Watermelons vary in shape; from globular to oblong. External rind colour varies from light to dark green and may be solid, striped or marbled. The pulp colour of most commercial varieties is red.
The fruit is generally eaten raw. Watermelon has a very high water content (93 ml/ 100g edible portion). It contains carbohydrates (5mg), calcium (8mg), phosphorous (9 mg), ascorbic acid (8 mg) and vitamins (0.64 g) per 100 g of edible portion.
- Environmental Requirements: Climate, Soil
- Cultivation: Propagation and planting, Irrigation, Fertilization Application, Insect/Pest Management
- Disease Management
- Causal Organism
- Disease Cycle
- Harvest Maturity Indices
- Principal Postharvest Diseases: Black Rot, Anthracnose, Phytophthora Fruit Rot, Fusarium, Stem-end Rot.
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